July 4, 2012 - Training

L’axe franco-allemand

It was a common desire to put an end to an almost constant cycle of military and diplomatic confrontations since 1870 that pushed France and West Germany to back the creation of a Common Market in 1957. Since then, the political and economic evolution of this European bloc has been in large part linked to the vitality of the Franco-German relationship and to agreements and disagreements between their respective governments. Today, as the European Union faces a crisis of public debt whose uncertain resolution undermines its future, all eyes are turned to Berlin and Paris. But can the Franco-German axis respond to its partners’ expectations? Should a diktat imposed by these two countries be feared or, conversely, should we fear that discord between the Germans and the French will undermine the consolidation of Europe? The answers to these questions will depend in large measure on electoral results in these two countries and whether the Merkel-Sarkozy alliance is renewed.


Christophe Chowanietz (holder of a doctorate in political science from the Université de Montréal and an M.Sc. in international relations from the London School of Economics) is currently a member of the Canada Research Chair in Electoral Studies (Université de Montréal). His research deals with political parties and the behaviour of elites and electors in periods of national and international crisis.


Olivier Costa is a CNRS researcher at the Centre Émile Durkheim (Sciences Po Bordeaux), where he teaches on the institutions and politics of the European Union. He is also visiting professor at the Institut d’études européennes of the Université libre de Bruxelles, at the Collège d’Europe (Bruges) and at the Institut européen of the Université de Genève. He founded and is co-director of the European Studies Section of the Association française de science politique. His research deals with the institution system and policies of the European Union, the democratic question in the Union and parliamentary representation in Europe.


To download the presentation, please click here.


Mandatory readings:

  • Von Oppeln, Sabine. 2011. « Les soubresauts du couple franco-allemand : moteur ou frein de l’intégration européenne ? ». French Politics, Culture & Society, vol 29, n°2, 55-67.
  • Gougeon, Jean-Pierre. 2009. « France-Allemagne : vers une nouvelle rivalité ? ». Revue internationale et stratégique, vol 2, n°74, 74-85.
  • Toulemon, Robert. 2011. « France-Allemagne : Noces de diamant ou chronique d’un divorce annoncé ? ». French Politics, Culture & Society, vol 29, n°2, 42-54. - Demesmay, Claire. 2004. « Derrière le discours de l’amitié franco-allemande, quelle réalité ? ». Visions franco-allemandes 1.
  • Schild, Joachim. 2011.« 20 ans après : la France et l’Allemagne dans la nouvelle Europe ». Regards sur l’économie allemande 100 : 11-25.
  • Stark, Hans. 2010. « Européenne, l’Allemagne ? Retour sur un long procès ». Politique étrangère, vol. 3, automne, 523-535.
  • Kauffmann, Pascal et Henrik Uterwedde. 2010. « La France et l’Allemagne face à la crise de l’euro. À la recherche de la convergence perdue ». Visions franco-allemandes 17.
  • Hénard, Jacqueline. 2012. « Que veut l’Allemagne ? Retour sur quelques fondamentaux ». Le Débat, vol. 1, n° 168, 72-80.

This conference is part of the Summer School «Europe in crises» (2-7 July 2012).

EUROPA, Gateway to the EU
© 2010 - European Union Center of Excellence
Université de Montréal - McGill University